That's why The Wall Street Journal's reporters Reed Albergotti and Vanessa O'Connell wrote "Wheelmen: Lance Armstrong, The Tour De France, And The Greatest Sports Conspiracy Ever." Here you can order "Wheelmen" from Amazon.com.
Albergotti and O'Connell describe the elaborate measures Armstrong and his team created and executed to give them an illegal and unethical advantage in competitive cycling. For example, in Chapter 1, they tell readers about how the bus carrying the team would simulate a malfunction. They report, "Engine trouble was just a ruse designed to outsmart the journalists and the French police who suspected the Postal [U.S. Postal Service was the sponsor] team of doping."
As the the driver pretended to fix that, Armstrong and members of the team would receive transfusions of blood. The effects were powerful. The authors tell us, "Boosting the number of red blood cells in the cyclists' bodies was like injecting fuel into a car cylinder."
The most amazing thing about this deception is that Armstrong didn't seem to anticipate that an insider like Floyd Landis would rat him out. Armstrong's tragic flaw might have been overconfidence. His absolute belief in his ability to orchestrate and sustain this con was what could have done him in.
It is not unusual that a team member is motivated for any number of reasons to turn on the group. It could be a resentment about not receiving adequate compensation and recognition. It could be simply one of those internal paradigm shifts common in religion and recovery programs. The person wants to "come clean." Or it could the expectation of going down in history as a hero.
Whatever. Armstrong seemed to be blinded to the realities of human nature. The same kind of overconfidence left Richard Nixon equally vulnerable to a downfall. And why in the world did Bill Clinton believe that an immature intern would be discreet about their sex play?
The lessons of "Wheelmen" might deter future cons from trying to pull off The Perfect Fraud, at least if it involves the cooperation of others.