To become a lawyer in America, it is possible to go the apprenticeship route. Yes, just like Abraham Lincoln had. There is no need to graduate law school. To practice law, they do have to pass the state bar. Here is the coverage of that option by The New York Times.
For the next generation of communications professionals being a full-time apprentice might be the most effective strategy to get launched. No, those training slots don't have to be paid. Newbies can support themselves through UberX, TaskRabbit or McDonald's.
That will save them up to $200,000 in college tuition. More if they also opt for a Master's degree. They will have practical experience, build portfolios and make contacts. Now, all that has to happen is for the oversight powers-that-be in the communications industry to approve this kind of path. At the end could be a type of official certification.
Essentially, I went the apprenticeship route in executive communications. Nothing in my four years of college at Seton Hill, Greensburg, Pennsylvania or six years of doctoral studies in linguistics and literature at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, prepared me for a career producing professional content.
Having failed in a variety of non-communications jobs, I wrote and snail-mailed an opinion-editorial on flea markets to the Greensburg Tribune Review. For a year, after I was fired by then PA Senator Jim Kelley (now a Judge in Greensburg) I wrote. Much of that got published.
The formal kind of apprenticeship, as I now see it, happened when head of News and Publications Mary Ann Aug hired me at the Unversity of Pittsburgh. The compensation - ha-ha-ha.
The next stop was Chevron. The apprenticeship was obviously over. My portfolio of samples was my ticket. Essentially employers rolled their eyes about the over-education. (Later I did, however, try the educational route again, attending Harvard Law School).
Academic degrees, including advanced ones, have their place. From a working-class family, I learned plenty in the classrooms in PA, MI and Massachusetts.
But there was, I am convinced, no correlation between all that and my ability to function in a communications career path. My edge came from the brilliance and caring of my on-the-job mentors. They include Aug, Bill Cox, Jim Tolley, Dick Kosmicki, and Bob Dilenschneider. Perhaps, along the way, I should have provided them compensation, as some apprenticeship programs since the beginning of time required.