Users look at the correlations. Gone is the era when there was smug trust in assertions about most instances of supposed cause and effect. Few developments are predictable, at least not with a lot of certainty.
This has enormous implications for leadership communications. E.g. veer away from high certainty. Help human beings change with circumstances.
This morning at, of all places, St. Philip's in the Hills Episcopal Church, Tucson, Arizona, scientist Dr. Edward Alexander lectured. It was part of the ongoing series on catastrophe. Experts in diverse fields, ranging from theology and hard science to social sciences and atheism, provide their points of view on the concept, then allow attendees to share.
Alexander explained how much science had changed. At one time it sought absolute answers. Now it works on probabilities about what the answers could be. Very little is considered predictable. Change, including what's totally unexpected, could happen in the next instance.
Wise human beings, some of us took from the presentation and discussion, have no expectations. Instead our energy goes into changing ourselves to align with what is. Ironically, there had been a 5+ earthquake in Tucson the night before. It was not expected.
Leaders who posit absolutes are stuck in a discredited way of viewing the world. In addition, they can not help anyone change. In essence, those of us who are alert are searching for guidance on what we have to change, how extensively and how to do that. Leaders who address all that are the ones whose messages will resonate with us.